Acne usually starts during puberty, the body start to go through hormonal changes. The glands seem to produce too much oil and which leads to a plugging of the pores in our skin. The pores that are now plugged start to be become infected. The infection look like reddish bumps, which and may contain pus, the by-product of the infection.
Not only does our own body do this but we also can help promote the acne. Sometimes the treatments we seek may cause more acne then we had to start with. Makeup can also lead to acne. The diet we have may lead to acne, by the lack of water intake may throw off the natural pH level of our skin. Even some of the hair products we may use on a daily basis can be a contributor to acne, items such as: hairspray, gels, conditioners, all may clog pores.
More in a Medical term of what happens:
Acne caused by three main factors. Abnormal keratinization of the lining of the sebaceous gland caused by androgen stimulation, resulting in plugging of the gland; Increased production of sebum by the sebaceous gland due to androgen stimulation; A bacterium Propionibacterium acnes proliferates within the gland and modifies the sebum. Propionibacterium acne is a bacterium normally found on the skin.
There are rules to dealing with acne, Don’t pop it. Don’t pick it. Don’t squeeze it. This only leads to furthering the inflammatory process of comedones, pustules, and papules. Use“non-comedogenic” cosmetics and toiletries. “Non-comedogenic means that the product does not promote acne.” Wash your face upon awakening, after school or work and again at bedtime times with a mild soap. Washing too much causes dryness. Hard scrubbing irritates the skin which breaks the protective skin barrier which allows for more bacteria to enter the pores creating more acne problems. A good tan will temporarily hide your acne; it is not beneficial for your skin in the long run.
There are different kinds of acne scarring: ice-pick scarring, atrophic scarring, and hypertrophic scarring. Ice pick scars are pitted scars. Atrophic scars are pitted and can have a smooth border around the scar itself, but really deep. Hypertrophic scar, are common on the chest and back areas. The scars look like thick lumpy scars on the skin, but the big difference is the scars are raised on the skin not pitted like the other two.
Now that we have covered some of the rules and what the 3 common scars may look like. We need to understand that a lot of the over the counter prescriptions may appear to work with little to no true results of getting rid of your scars. You may want to seek out your dermatologist or find to discuss the proper course of action with dealing with the acne scars.
Baby acne is common in newborns; sometimes you may see them as early as shortly after birth or 2 months of age. The baby acne might even last to 6 months of age. What cause the unique skin condition may start with the environment or hormonal changes in the infant. They can look like little red bumps on or around the face, back, legs and even the arms.
Things that you shouldn’t do are use oils, creams, or even wash the child’s skin too much. Washing the child’s skin may make even more irritated. The best method would be to wash with a mild baby soap such as “JOHNSON’S® HEAD-TO-TOE® Baby Wash” then lightly pat dry the child.
You might want to seek your pediatrician if the acne last for a long period time to see whether or not the child has baby acne or it may be totally different skin condition all together. The child have a skin condition called eczema, but only your doctor may determine that.
1.Tetracycline: One of the first available acne antibiotics that was changed for topical use. Discoloration of the skin is a possible side effect.
2.Sulfonamide: Popular treatment for acne and skin inflammation. One of the oldest antibiotics to date.
3.Clindamycin: a semisynthetic antibiotic that is similar in nature to erythromycin.
4.Erythromycin: Active to a large and diverse grouping of bacteria. Its topical use is for the treatment of common acne vulgaris. It is an antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory medication.
5.Azelaic acid: Adapted for acne treatment. Applied as a cream. Useful for treating certain acnes by antimicrobial approaches. Process can take several months to be effective. Over use may result in increased or in some cases permanent redness of the skin.
The main problem encountered with antibiotic use is the need to change antibiotics frequently as bacteria mutate and become resistant to an antibiotic usually in 3 to 5 months. This is the reason you often hear people on antibiotic therapy say, it used to work but now it no longer controls my acne.
Molecules in the Vitamin A family. Popular for anti-acne meds because of their proven effectiveness. Proven to lessen abnormal growth of cells around the sebaceous follicles.
Retinoids, while effective, also have side effects. Among these are redness, dryness, itching and cracking of skin. However, in systemic retinoids, chance of birth defect can be a major issue. A teenager or female acne sufferer should first consult a doctor before using these systemic treatments to evaluate if the possible risks outweigh any possible benefits.
Retinoids are used topically and may also be used in pill form. Here is a list of the ones available in the United States. Some are topical and some are systemic:
1.Tretinoin: Vitamin A acid. Derived from the Vitamin A family. Topical acne medication.Gel form is generally stronger than the cream form. Also known as Retin-A, Renova, Adaplene and Differin. Prolonged use may lead to another skin condition called rosacea.
2.Isotretinoin (brand name Accutane) is an oral retinoid best known for treating severe cystic acne. Retinoids all carry the risk of causing birth defects in developing fetuses if the mother is using the drug, women who take them must wait a certain amount of time before safely attempting to become pregnant as Accutane can stay dormant in the fat cells for seven (7) years. People taking oral retinoids should not take vitamin supplements containing vitamin A. Accutane has now been linked with a long list of serious side effects, which are frequent, varied and at times severe such as depression and suicide. The Food and Drug Administration has been considering removing it from the market due to the above factors.
Over the counter Acne Products:
The most common over-the-counter medications used to treat acne contain one of the following ingredients: Benzoyl peroxide, resorcinol, salicylic acid, zinc or sulfur. Each works a little differently. These acne medications are available in many forms, such as gels, lotions, creams, soaps or pads.
Many of these over-the-counter acne medications may cause side effects such as skin irritation, burning or redness. These products can take between 4 and 8 weeks before you notice an improvement in your skin. If an over-the-counter acne product doesn’t seem to help after 2 months, get advice from your doctor. Likewise tell your doctor if you have side effects that are severe or that don’t go away over time.
To be effective, an over the counter acne medication needs to have the right concentration and combination of helpful ingredients to avoid causing further damage to the skin. Sometimes “Less is More”.
To find the proper blending of ingredients in an acne treatment that can calm the skin while providing the necessary antimicrobial benefits, in a non-inflammatory preparation should be the goal of all acne sufferers.
To learn more about acne and the treatment of acne we suggest the following website references: