Researchers believe the immune system sends faulty signals that speed up the growth cycle in skin cells. Certain people carry genes that make them more likely to develop psoriasis, but not everyone with these genes develops psoriasis. Instead, a “trigger” makes the psoriasis appear in those who have these genes. Also, some triggers may work together to cause an outbreak of psoriasis; this makes it difficult to identify individual factors.
Possible psoriasis triggers include: emotional stress; injury to the skin; some types of infection; reaction to certain drugs. Once the disease is triggered, the skin cells pile up on the surface of the body faster than normal. In people without psoriasis, skin cells mature and are shed about every 28 days. In psoriatic skin, the skin cells move rapidly up to the surface of the skin over three to six days. The body can’t shed the skin cells fast enough and this process results in patches also called “lesions” forming on the skin’s surface.
The best way to avoid psoriasis is to live a healthy lifestyle to reduce stress and give the skin what it needs to survive and flourish. Dermatitis-Ltd III is a compressed disk of natural minerals that balances the pH of skin to keep it healthy and prevent irritation.
Psoriatic arthritis occurs in less than 10% of people with psoriasis. Its treatment often requires consultation with a rheumatologist in addition to treatment of the skin lesions by a dermatologist. It occurs most frequently in psoriasis patients whose disease is active, especially in persons with the pustular type of psoriasis. Occasionally it appears in a person who has no signs or symptoms of psoriasis, in which case it must be diagnosed by its unique laboratory test results. Psoriasis of the fingernails and toenails is associated with a higher incidence of psoriatic arthritis. Symptoms of psoriatic arthritis resemble those of rheumatoid arthritis, although the diseases are otherwise quite different. Arthritis changes cause deterioration and pain in small joints of the hands and feet, large joints of the legs and spine, and tendons. Nonspecific foot pain or “tennis elbow” may be an early symptom to appear and may be overlooked if not associated with psoriatic skin or nail lesions.
Seborrheic dermatitis is a non-contagious condition that causes flaking and redness of the skin. It occurs when there is inflammation in areas of the skin where sebaceous (skin oil) glands are concentrated. It usually affects the scalp, but can also affect other parts of the body, such as eyebrows, eyelids, the folds of the nose, lips, behind or inside the ears, in the external ear, the forehead and the chin and the skin of the trunk, particularly around the navel, in the skin folds under the arms, in the groin, or under the breasts.
Seborrheic dermatitis appears to run in families. Stress, fatigue, weather extremes, oily skin, infrequent shampoos or skin cleaning, use of lotions that contain alcohol, or skin disorders such as acne or obesity may increase the risk. Neurological conditions, including Parkinson’s disease, head injury, and stroke can also be associated with seborrheic dermatitis. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is also associated with higher incidence.
Seborrheic dermatitis can be unpleasant and uncomfortable, and is usually unattractive. It can disappear spontaneously and suddenly reappear, for no known reason. Or it can stubbornly linger, resisting treatment. But as frustrating as it can be, it is readily diagnosed and is treatable.
If your baby has an itchy skin rash the problem may be eczema (also called atopic dermatitis). Baby eczema can crop up on a baby’s cherubic skin when a child is as young as 2 months old. It generally appears on the forehead, cheeks, or scalp and sometimes spreads to the arms or chest. The rash often shows up as dry, thickened scaly skin, but is sometimes made up of tiny red bumps that may ooze or become infected if scratched. Eczema is thought to be a reaction to allergy-causing substances in the environment. About 10 percent of infants have eczema at some point, but many improve before they’re 2 years old. Because the condition is often inherited, your child is more likely to develop eczema if you or some other close family member has any kind of allergic condition, says Amy Paller, professor of pediatrics and dermatology at Northwestern University Medical School in Chicago.
- Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition affecting approximately 4.5 million people in the United States.
- Psoriasis occurs when new skin cells grow too rapidly, resulting in inflamed, swollen, scaly patches of skin in areas where the old skin has not shed quickly enough.
- Psoriasis can be limited to a few spots or can involve more extensive areas of the body, appearing most commonly on the scalp, knees, elbows and trunk.
- Psoriasis is not a contagious disease.
- Psoriasis can strike people at any age, but the average age of onset is approximately 28 years. It affects both men and women, with a slightly higher prevalence in women than in men.
- Approximately 30 percent of people with psoriasis are estimated to have moderate-to-severe forms of the disease.
- Psoriasis can be a physically and emotionally painful condition. It often results in physical limitations, disfiguration and a significant burden in managing the daily care of the disease. Psoriasis sufferers may feel embarrassed, angry, frustrated, fearful, depressed and, in some cases, even suicidal.
- Around one in 12 adults and one in five children have eczema.
- There are many different types of eczema from mild to severe including Atopic Eczema - the most common form that often runs in families and Contact Eczema which may be caused by irritants such as detergents.
- Eczema is a non-contagious inflammatory condition of the skin. The term “eczema” comes from the Greek word ekzein meaning “to boil over”.
- The most common features of eczema are very itchy, dry, red skin. The itching and scratching, commonly known as the “itch-scratch-itch cycle”, are seen as the most distressing part of eczema, causing disturbed sleep for the person with eczema.
- Conventional treatments include moisturizers and topical steroids. However, everyone’s skin is different, what helps one will not always help another.
- If not treated appropriately the skin may get more irritated and itchy leading to more scratching and damage to the skin. Emotionally and physically this can be devastating.
Psoriasis has been around since the days of Greek mythology, more than 2,500 years ago. It was considered a curse from the gods. The Bible refers to psoriasis but mistakenly calls it leprosy. For hundreds of years, people with the disease were ostracized and forced to wander as homeless beggars. Some had to wear warning bells so others could avoid their paths. Some suffered the same fate as lepers, who were burned at the stake in the 14th century.
Many cultures used herbs as medicinal preparations. A cup of chamomile tea can help soothe inflammations and fight infections. It also is a botanical that can dispel worms. The flowers can be made into a salve which has become a popular treatment for a wide variety of skin disorders, including eczema, bedsores, post radiation therapy skin inflammation, and contact dermatitis (e.g., poison ivy). Infusing the flowers in sweet almond oil, and then applying topically has helped to soothe sunburns.
The steps taken to identify the cause of dermatitis are akin to a detective story, in which a few clues may lead to a suspected allergen or irritant. Try to remember anything that changed prior to the reaction. Was there any change in clothing, detergents, personal care items, behaviors, habits, or foods? A specific area of the body may point to a possible offender. For instance, if dermatitis is confined to the eyelids, the culprit may be a recent change in makeup procedures. The preservatives, vehicles, or colorants in eye makeup or eyelid cleansing products should be reviewed. Hair care products, eyelash curlers, or other facial cosmetics may also be the cause.
If an allergy to a ring has developed, often, there will be a ring of dermatitis under the ring. If the ring is a gold alloy, allergy to nickel in the ring is possible, but the probable cause is a detergent or other product to which the hands are exposed. An allergen or irritant residue can remain under the ring, where dermatitis eventually develops. To reduce this problem it is best to remove the ring until the hands are thoroughly washed and completely dried. Parents may find that a child has dermatitis around the mouth. If the irritation extends in a complete circle at least one or more inches out from the lips, the culprit may be lip-licking. The child may have a nervous habit of licking the lips and face as far as the tongue will extend. Oral fluids are irritating to skin with constant exposure, and the child needs to be taught that licking causes the problem rather than soothes it. Other causes of lip inflammation include lip makeup, ingestion of oranges, apples, mangoes, potatoes, carrots, tomatoes and kiwi. An underappreciated sensitizer is neomycin; a component of the most commonly sold topical antibiotic products (e.g., Mycitracin, Neosporin). These products are only safe for preventing infections in minor injuries. If a person develops an allergic reaction when using them as directed, they must be immediately discontinued. Since the appearance of an allergy to neomycin can cause cross-sensitivities with other aminoglycosides, such as gentamicin, one should choose a topical antibiotic free of neomycin. Patients using veterinary products, such as Bag Balm, as hand softening agents may develop a quinolone sensitivity. In order to avoid this, you should be urged to only use products labeled for human use. Benzocaine is a sensitizer that is found in topical products for itch, burns, dermatitis, canker sores, insect bites, teething, and hemorrhoids. If you develop a sensitivity to these products, an alternate local anesthetics (e.g., pramoxine) should be chosen.
Dermatitis-Ltd will not irritate your skin like other topical products. Its ingredients are completely natural and non-comedogenic.
Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids have been found to be very helpful to sufferers of eczema, psoriasis, and many other non-communicable diseases.
The human body has many uses for Omega-3 DHA. The brain is made of 60% fat (much of which is DHA). Some studies have shown that people with a high intake of Omega-3 report increased mood stability, though more research is needed. Additionally, diabetic patients have found Omega-3 very helpful in reducing their insulin dependence.
Even small amounts of Omega-3 can improve your health, but 400mg per day is thought to be sufficient to reduce the risk of serious disease. Omega-3 can be obtained naturally from oil-rich fish and vegetable products, or from supplements.
More information about Omega-3 DHA and essential fatty acids: